Which Is Bigger A Black Hole Or A Galaxy

Welcome to Learn to Astronomy! In this article, we explore the mind-boggling question: “Which is bigger, a black hole or a galaxy?” Brace yourself as we dive deep into the cosmic realm, where we’ll discover the astounding sizes and scales of these celestial behemoths. Prepare to be amazed by the wonders of the universe!

Exploring the Cosmic Giants: Comparing the Sizes of Black Holes and Galaxies

Exploring the Cosmic Giants: Comparing the Sizes of Black Holes and Galaxies in the context of Astronomy.

Black holes and galaxies are two distinct cosmic entities that both hold immense fascination for astronomers. While black holes are known for their gravitational pull so strong that not even light can escape, galaxies are vast collections of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity.

Black holes, on one hand, are incredibly dense objects formed from the collapse of massive stars. They possess an event horizon, which is the boundary beyond which nothing can escape their gravitational pull. Black holes come in different sizes, ranging from stellar-mass black holes, which can be a few times the mass of our Sun, to supermassive black holes, which have millions or even billions of times the mass of the Sun.

Galaxies, on the other hand, are much larger-scale structures. They can contain anywhere from hundreds of millions to trillions of stars, along with interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter. Galaxies come in various sizes and shapes, including spiral, elliptical, and irregular. The Milky Way, our own galaxy, is a spiral galaxy with an estimated 100 billion stars.

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Comparing the sizes of black holes and galaxies, it becomes apparent that galaxies are significantly larger. The diameter of an average galaxy can span tens of thousands of light-years, while the size of a black hole is typically measured by its event horizon radius, which is only a few kilometers for stellar-mass black holes and up to billions of kilometers for supermassive black holes.

To put things into perspective, the largest known black hole, known as TON 618, has an estimated mass of 66 billion times that of our Sun. This is indeed massive, but still relatively small compared to the size of giant galaxies like IC 1101, which is estimated to be about 6 million light-years in diameter.

In summary, while black holes are incredibly dense and possess immense gravitational pull, they are dwarfed in size by galaxies. The comparison of sizes between black holes and galaxies showcases the vast scale of the cosmos and highlights the fascinating diversity of celestial objects that exist in our universe.

James Webb Telescope Just Captured FIRST, Ever REAL Image Of Inside A Black Hole!

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Universe Size Comparison 3D

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Frequent questions

Are black holes bigger than galaxies?

No, black holes are not bigger than galaxies. A black hole is actually a region in space where matter has collapsed under its own gravity to an infinitely dense point called a singularity. While black holes can vary in size depending on the mass of the collapsing star, they are still much smaller than galaxies.

Galaxies, on the other hand, are massive structures consisting of billions or even trillions of stars, along with gas, dust, and dark matter. They can span tens of thousands to millions of light-years in size.

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So, while black holes can be incredibly dense, they are tiny compared to the immense size of galaxies.

How does the size of a black hole compare to that of a galaxy?

Astronomers have discovered black holes that range in size, just like galaxies. However, it is important to note that the sizes of black holes and galaxies are measured differently.

Black holes are objects with such intense gravitational pull that nothing, not even light, can escape their grasp. They are formed when massive stars collapse under their own gravity. Black holes come in different sizes, classified as stellar-mass black holes (about 5-100 times the mass of our Sun) and supermassive black holes (millions to billions times the mass of our Sun).

On the other hand, galaxies are vast systems of stars, gas, dust, and dark matter held together by gravity. Galaxies come in different sizes as well, ranging from dwarf galaxies (containing a few million to a billion stars) to giant elliptical galaxies (containing hundreds of billions to trillions of stars).

When comparing the sizes of black holes and galaxies, it is important to note that galaxies are much larger in terms of their physical extent. Galaxies can span thousands to hundreds of thousands of light-years across, while black holes are compact objects with a strong gravitational influence confined to a relatively small region of space.

In summary, while black holes and galaxies both exist in a wide range of sizes, galaxies are generally much larger in terms of their physical extent compared to black holes.

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Which has more mass, a black hole or a galaxy?

A galaxy typically has more mass than a black hole. A black hole is formed by the gravitational collapse of a massive star, and its mass is concentrated in a very small volume. In contrast, a galaxy is a large collection of stars, gas, and dust bound together by gravity. Galaxies can contain billions to trillions of stars, along with other celestial objects, making their total mass much greater than that of a black hole. However, it’s important to note that there are supermassive black holes at the centers of some galaxies, which can have masses millions or even billions of times greater than our Sun.

In conclusion, black holes and galaxies are both vast and mysterious entities in the realm of astronomy. While galaxies are immense cosmic structures made up of billions of stars, gas, and dust, black holes are incredibly dense regions of spacetime that result from the collapse of massive stars. The debate about which is bigger, a black hole or a galaxy, is an intriguing one. However, when it comes to sheer size, galaxies typically outweigh black holes by a significant margin. Galaxies can span hundreds of thousands of light-years, containing billions to trillions of stars, while black holes are comparatively much smaller. Nevertheless, black holes possess an immense gravitational pull that can profoundly impact their surrounding galaxies. They play crucial roles in the evolution of galaxies, shaping their structure and influencing star formation. Thus, understanding the relationship between black holes and galaxies is essential in unraveling the mysteries of the universe.

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